Katalog – JAA Monograph Series
African Memory in Danger - Mémoire africaine en péril
Beschreibung: The African continent has been looted for many centuries, although the form and motivation of this looting has varied with conquest, colonization, independence and globalization. Over the last decades, however, the destruction of archaeological sites and the illicit trade in cultural goods has reached such proportions that they seriously undermine African history and jeopardize the human rights and the development of communities. The exportation and repatriation of human remains also raise important ethical questions.
In response to this alarming phenomenon, laws have been adopted, conventions ratified, ethical codes proclaimed and ethics commissions established. Local initiatives to protect heritage have been set up, and the return of cultural objects and human remains committed. Yet the hoped-for positive benefits do not always materialize given that the situation is more complex than expected.
Not without reason, Switzerland is often criticized, and other European, North American, Asian or Near East Countries too, for providing a kind of hub for illicit trade of cultural goods. Antique dealers specializing in the “primitive arts”, auction houses, private museums and collectors benefit greatly from this situation. At the same time, Switzerland is very involved in the fields of development and respect for human rights, and acknowledged for the growing awareness and efficiency of its custom, police and justice institutions.
This book, following a conference held in Geneva, includes contributions by archaeologists, sociologists, museum curators and heritage managers, as well as legal experts and representatives of the police, and blends points of view from Africa, Europe and Switzerland. In addition to the voice of researchers responsible for the cultural heritage of African Countries that denounce alarming situations, ethical reflections and update of legal aspects linked to heritage questions, several projects of international cooperation are presented, all of them trying to promote innovative ways of acting in this very difficult context, and giving hope for the future.
Temporalising Anthropology. Archaeology in the Talensi Tong Hills, Northern Ghana
Beschreibung: This volume contains the results of significant fieldwork completed in the Tong Hills of Northern Ghana, an area currently inhabited by the Talensi ethno-linguistic group. Although made anthropologically renowned by the anthropologist Meyer Fortes, the archaeology and material culture of the Talensi Tong Hills had largely been neglected until the research initiated by the authors. Extensive archaeological surveys and excavations were completed allied with ethnoarchaeological and ethnobotanical research on shrines, sacrifice, and indigenous medicine. The data is presented and described, and a settlement chronology for the region reconstructed. The results of the geological, organic geochemical, petrographic, and archaeometallurgical analysis are provided. The function of shrines and the meaning of ‘shrine’ as a concept are evaluated, and indigenous medicinal practices, their links with shrines, and their substances, materiality, and archaeological implications assessed with reference to the primary empirical material gathered. Ritual, performance, and its inter-relation with the past and the archaeological record are also considered so as to question the ‘timelessness’ of previous anthropological presentations. The Tong Hills are also discussed with reference to their place in the wider history and archaeology of the region. This book will be useful to anyone interested in the archaeology and anthropology of African indigenous religions and ritual practices, as well as those interested in West African history, and the relationship between archaeology and anthropology.
Autors: Timothy Insoll is Professor of Archaeology at the University of Manchester. Besides his fieldwork in Ghana he has completed archaeological research in Mali, Bahrain, Eritrea, and Western India. He obtained his PhD and was a Research Fellow from St John’s College, University of Cambridge. His research interests focus upon the archaeology of African indigenous religions and Islam, the archaeology of Islam more generally, and theoretical approaches to the archaeology of identities. He is the author and/or editor of eighteen books and special journal issues. He is currently involved in fieldwork in south-western Ethiopia and writing a book for Oxford University Press, Material Explorations in African Archaeology.
Rachel MacLean gained her PhD from Cambridge in 1996 and she currently has an Honorary Research Fellowship in the Department of Archaeology at the University of Manchester. She has many years experience of project management and working in Africa, both East and West, and has also completed research in Bahrain. Her previous book is An Archaeological Guide to Bahrain (2011). Her research interests are varied encompassing the archaeology of food, metal working, and survey methodology.
Benjamin W. Kankpeyeng is an Associate Professor and the current Head of the Department of Archaeology and Heritage Studies, University of Ghana. He studied at Syracuse University in the United States of America where he obtained an MA and PhD in Anthropology in 1996 and 2003, respectively. He also holds a BA (Honours) degree in History with Philosophy from the University of Ghana awarded in 1981. He worked at the Ghana Museums and Monuments Board from 1983 until joining the Faculty at the University of Ghana in 2004. His research interests include culture contact studies, archaeology of rituals and religions, public archaeology, and heritage studies. His archaeological research projects are linked with the sites of Kpaliworgu, Tongo-Tengzug (with Timothy Insoll and Rachel MacLean), Koma Land, and slavery. He has eighteen publications.
Gobero: The No-Return Frontier.
Archaeology and Landscape at the Saharo-Sahelian Borderland
Beschreibung: The Sahara-Sahel borderland occupies a critical geographical position due to its recurrent latitudinal shifts, continually having a strong impact on humans, animals and plants. Gobero is located at the southern limits of the present Sahara, in Niger. The archaeological record at this site encompasses the re-occupation of the Sahara ca 10,000 years ago until approximately 2000 years ago. During this long period, Gobero witnessed significant fluctuations in climate and water resource availability that resulted in cycles of human occupation, abandonment and re-occupation around a natural basin occupied by a palaeolake, until desertification became an irreversible process and the area turned into a no-return frontier for its occupants.
This book presents the archaeological, anthropological and environmental data collected during the 2005 and 2006 field seasons at Gobero. Various factors highlight the extraordinary significance of this site. Thanks to its geographical position, straddling the ancient shifting border(s) of the Sahara and the Sahel, the Gobero’s archaeological record reveals critical population movements in this part of Africa and different economic and technological strategies its inhabitants employed to adapt to changing environmental conditions. The presence of both settlement and burial features at Gobero gives a comprehensive view of the cultural, social, economic and funerary traditions of the people who lived and died at this site during almost the entire Holocene. The results from these archaeological investigations provide a term of reference for future research and interpretations of past human occupations in the Sahara, as well as North and West Africa.
Herausgeber: Elena A.A. Garcea is Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology at the University of Cassino and Southern Latium, Italy. She has been in charge of archaeological research projects in Sudan, Libya and Niger. She is author of ‘Cultural Dynamics in the Saharo-Sudanese Prehistory’ (1993), ‘Uan Tabu in the Settlement History of the Libyan Sahara’ (2001), and ‘South-Eastern Mediterranean peoples between 130,000 and 10,000 years ago’ (2010).
Un Néolithique Ouest-Africain. Cadre chrono-culturel, économique et environnemental de l'Holocene récent en Pays dogon (Mali)
Beschreibung: Le débat récurrent concernant la définition du Néolithique en Afrique requiert une meilleure connaissance des phénomènes de peuplement associés à l’adoption de l’élevage et de l’agriculture sur le continent. À partir d’une synthèse des données archéologiques issues de plusieurs années de prospections et de fouilles, cet ouvrage établit une séquence de référence pour l’Holocène récent du Pays dogon (Mali), entre 2500 et 500 av. J.-C. Dans un contexte de recherches pluridisciplinaires, ce travail a été réalisé avec l’objectif d’élaborer un cadre chrono-culturel permettant non seulement de restituer l’histoire du peuplement de la région à la fin de la préhistoire, mais également d’aborder les interactions entre nature et sociétés au cours d’une période marquée par d’importantes transitions économiques et techniques. En décryptant les variations de la séquence du Pays dogon à travers une fenêtre de compréhension étendue à l’échelle ouest-africaine, Sylvain Ozainne propose un scénario de peuplement de la bande sahélo-soudanienne pendant l’émergence des économies de production et apporte de nouveaux éléments à la discussion sur le Néolithique africain.
Traditions céramiques dans la boucle du Niger. Ethnoarchéologie et histoire du peuplement au temps des empires précoloniaux
Info: Sprache: Französisch, Erscheinungsdatum: 1. September 2011, 356 Seiten, 132 Abbildungen, 21 Tabellen, 8 Farbtafeln. Dimensionen: 300x215x25 mm,1785 gramm.
Beschreibung: The question of links between material cultural and sociocultural meaning remains a challenge in archaeology. In this book, Anne Mayor proposes a tool for archaeological interpretation in the area of ceramic studies, capable of addressing questions of ethnolinguistic identity and the settlement history in the Niger Bend, West Africa. Three approaches have been employed: Ethnoarchaeological: The study of modern variability in pottery enables the selection of relevant descriptive criteria; Historical: The synthesis of available data clarifies the historical depth of ethnic groups and the processes responsible for their formation; Archaeological: The analysis of excavation data indicates the spatiotemporal distribution of ceramic traditions. The correlation of synchronic and diachronic data enables her to construct a model for the development of ceramic traditions over the last two millennia, in relation to ethnolinguistic units. Application to the excavation of Dangandouloun (Dogon Country, 7th-12th centuries AD) demonstrates the effectiveness of the approach in the interpretation of regional protohistoric sites, and initiates a new approach to the study of the history of techniques and human settlement.
Autor: Anne Mayor is scientific collaborator of the laboratoire Archeologie et Peuplement de l’Afrique in the Anthropology Unit of University of Geneva, and Honorary research fellow at the School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental studies of University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Consumption, Trade and Innovation. Exploring the Botanical Remains from the Roman and Islamic Ports at Quseir al-Qadim, Egypt
Info: Sprache: Englisch, Erscheinungsdatum: 15. März 2011, 320 Seiten, 104 Abbildungen, 42 Tabellen, 16 Farbtafeln, Apendices. Dimensionen: 300x215x24 mm, 1640 gramm.
Beschreibung: Studies of food and foodways are vital to exploring past (and present) cultures. The food remains discovered at the port of Quseir al-Qadim are especially revealing, offering important information about the ancient spice trade and the food practices of those engaged in this trade. Quseir al-Qadim acted as a transhipment port in the Indian Ocean spice trade during both the Roman and medieval Islamic periods. It is located on the Red Sea coast of Egypt and was active between ca. AD 1-250 (Myos Hormos) and again during ca. AD 1050-1500 (Kusayr). This monograph describes the analysis and interpretation of the botanical remains (foodstuffs, wood) recovered during the excavations that took place between 1999-2003, conducted by the University of Southampton, UK. The spectacular preservation conditions at Quseir al-Qadim meant that food remains and wood were found in abundance, including fragments of onion skin, citrus rind, garlic cloves, aubergine seeds, banana skins, wooden bowls, spoons and combs, as well as many of the Eastern spices traded through the port, such as black pepper, ginger, cardamom and betelnut. These remains are fully analysed and discussed under three overarching themes: trade, agricultural innovation and food consumption. The results provide significant new evidence for the Eastern trade and for the changes in agriculture that indirectly resulted from it. They also allow real insights into the lives of those working in the ports. They show the changes in the nature and scale of the Indian Ocean trade between the Roman and Islamic periods, as well as a major shift in the way the inhabitants of the ports saw themselves and located themselves in the wider world. Richly illustrated and thought-provoking, this volume identifies how studies of food enable fuller dialogues regarding ‘globalization’ and also highlights clearly the importance of food in the dynamics of cultural identity and geopolitics.
Autor: Marijke van der Veen is Professor of Archaeology at the University of Leicester. Her research focuses on ancient agriculture and the archaeology of food, with a specialization in archaeobotany. Current research projects include a reconstruction of foodways and the development of horticulture in north-west Europe. She is author of Crop Husbandry Regimes (1992), and editor of The Exploitation of Plant Resources in Ancient Africa (1999), Luxury Foods (2003), Garden Agriculture (2005) and Agricultural Innovation (2010), the latter three issues of the journal World Archaeology.
De Komé à Kribi: Archéologie préventive le long de l'oléoduc Tchad-Cameroun, 1999-2004
Info: Sprache: Französisch, Erscheinungsdatum: 01. Juni 2010, 200 Seiten, 55 Abbildungen, 17 Karten, 5 Tabellen, Apendices. Dimensionen: 300x215x19 mm, 1136 gramm.
Beschreibung: Les resultats de la fouille archeologique de la plus longue tranchee jamais creusee en Afrique sont presentes dans ce livre. Depuis les forets du littoral au sud du Cameroun jusqu’aux savanes seches du Tchad meridional, la construction du pipeline souterrain du A” Chad Export Project A” a permis a une equipe de recherche internationale d’investiguer un transept d’une longueur de 1070 Km (!). Le A” Kome-Kribi Project A” constitue une application exemplaire de l’archeologie de prevention et de sauvetage, associant une serie d’institutions politiques et commerciales. Un total impressionnant de 472 sites datant du Middle Stone Age a l’Age du Fer, dont de nombreux sites de premiere importance, ont ete decouvert dans des regions jusqu’alors quasi inconnues sur le plan archeologique. L’ouvrage comprend la description des sites et du materiel qui y a ete decouvert, un apercu general de la chronologie basee sur une soixantaine de dates C14 et l’analyse des nouvelles decouvertes en regard des donnees existantes dans une perspective synoptique de l’histoire culturelle de l’Afrique centrale. Il fournit une base substantielle pour les etudes futures et offre egalement une introduction a la prehistoire de la region pour les archeologues moins au fait de l’histoire de cette partie du continent. Finalement, les auteurs nous offrent un apercu de l’extraordinaire abondance, a peine effleuree jusqu’a present, des richesses archeologiques du sol africain.
Komé-Kribi: Rescue Archaeology Along the Chad-Cameroon Oil Pipeline, 1999-2004
Info: Sprache: Englisch, Erscheinungsdatum: 01. Juli 2010, 192 Seiten, 55 Abbildungen, 17 Karten, 5 Tabellen. Dimensionen: 300x215x19 mm, 1120 gramm.
Beschreibung: This book presents the first preview of discoveries made in the longest archaeological trench ever dug in Africa. From the forests of coastal south Cameroon towards the dry savannas in southern Chad, the construction of the underground pipeline of the Chad Export Project enabled an international research team to investigate a transect of 1070 kilometers (!) length. The Kome-Kribi project demonstrates the exemplary application of rescue or preventive archaeology and of cultural heritage management with regard to a variety of involved political and commercial institutions. In areas previously almost unknown archaeologically an impressive number of 472 new sites from the Middle Stone Age to the Iron Age, many considered to be important, were located. Their description, including quantities of cultural materials, a chronological outline based on about sixty radiocarbon dates, and the integration of the new and known evidence in a synoptic consideration of the cultural development of Central Africa, provides a substantial base for further studies and, for those archaeologists less familiar with the region, also offers an introduction into the local prehistory. Finally, the authors have given us a vision on the abundance of information about Africa’s past that is still preserved in the ground and scarcely touched, so far.
Forgerons et sidérurgie en pays dogon. Vers une histoire de la production du fer sur le plateau de Bandiagara (Mali) durant les empires précoloniaux
Info: Sprache: Französisch, Erscheinungsdatum: 30. Januar 2010, 274 Seiten, 72 Abbildungen, 28 Tabellen. Dimensionen: 300x215x18 mm, 1062 gramm.
Beschreibung: Si les Dogon ont fait l’objet d’etudes bien documentees et publiees, les forgerons associes aux Dogon n’avaient fait jusqu’a ce jour l’objet d’aucune etude specifique. Cet ouvrage concerne la production traditionnelle du fer en pays dogon durant la periode comprise entre les derniers grands empires precoloniaux, au milieu du deuxieme millenaire de notre ere, et l’installation de la colonie francaise, au tournant des 19e et 20e siecles. Il vise a preciser l’identite des forgerons attaches aux Dogon et leur role, tant social que technique, de definir des traditions siderurgiques et de cerner l’evolution de la production du fer dans la region. Grace a une recherche tant actualiste que diachronique, et a la fois locale et extensive, qui associe diverses approches complementaires telles que les analyses des sources ecrites, les enquetes de tradition orale, les prospections et fouilles archeologiques ou les observations paleometallurgiques, Caroline Robion-Brunner a elabore un scenario global de l’histoire du peuplement des forgerons du pays dogon et de leur production, qu’elle replace dans la dynamique du plateau central nigerien.
Crossroads / Carrefour Sahel. Cultural and technological developments in first millennium BC / AD West Africa
Info: Sprache: Englisch und Französisch, Erscheinungsdatum: 01. December 2009, 274 Seiten, 182 Abbildungen, 17 Tabellen. Dimensionen: 300x215x22 mm, 1410 gramm.
Beschreibung: This volume contains the proceedings of the international conference “Cultural developments and technological innovations in first millennium BC/AD West Africa” held in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, in March 2008, with participants from eleven countries and three continents. The rationale behind the meeting was the conviction that the first millennium before and after the beginning of the Common Era, like no other period before, encompasses the origins of developments that are directly related to the modern world – particularly in Africa. Current archaeological research in West Africa has been providing an increasing amount of relevant evidence on this period, including a series of significant developments that had critical impacts on human ways of life in subsequent times. The papers of the present volume deal with different aspects of these developments and contribute towards the understanding of the unique cultural diversity of this part of the African continent.
T. Vallette, S. Amblard-Pison, C. Albaret, H. Jousse, A. Dicko and A. Person – Les groupements de pièces lithiques peuvent-ils etre des incides de modes de vie des sociétés néoliqthiques ? Le cas du Dhar Néma (Mauritanie sud-orientale) du second au Premier millénaire av. J.-C.
P. Breunig – Cultural Change in the First Millennium BC: Evidence from Nigeria
C. Magnavita, P. Breunig, D. Ishaya and O. Adebayo – Iron Age Beginnings at the Southwestern Margins of Lake Chad
A.F.C. Holl – Iron Metallurgy in West Africa: An Early Iron Smelting Site in the Mouhoun Bend, Burkina Faso
L. Koté – Recherches archéologiques au Burkina Faso : entre logique politique et idéal scientifique
S. Magnavita – Sahelian Crossroads: Some aspects on the Iron Age Sites of Kissi, Burkina Faso
P. Robertshaw, S. Magnavita, M. Wood, E. Melchiorre, R. Popelka-Filcoff and M.D. Glascock – Glass Beads from Kissi (Burkina Faso): Chemical Analysis and Archaeological Interpretation
T.R. Fenn, D.J. Killick, J. Chesley, S. Magnavita and J. Ruiz – Contacts Between West Africa and Roman North Africa: Archaeometallurgical Results from Kissi, Northeastern Burkina Faso
R. Kuba – Cultural Contacts Between the Savannah and the Forest: Trade Along the Eastern Niger
O.A. Idé – La question du fer dans la vallée de la Mékrou, Niger méridional
J.-M. Fabre – La métallurgie du fer au Sahel burkinabé à la fin du 1er millénaire AD
D. N’Dah – Contribution de l’archéologie à la connaissance de l’histoire du peuplement de l’Atakora entre le premier et le second millénaire après Jésus-Christ
B.W. Kankpeyeng and S.N. Nkumbaan – Ancient Shrines? New Insights on the Komaland Sites of Northern Ghana
S. MacEachern – Before States? Mandara Peripheries in the Late First and Early Second Millennia AD
C. Pelzer, M. von Czerniewicz and L.P. Petit – De l’évènement à l’histoire structurelle : Oursi hu-beero
M. Sall – Familles céramiques des sites de la Vallée du fleuve Sénégal (0-1400 AD) et problématique des origines Sereer
T.H. Kiénon-Kaboré – La métallurgie ancienne du fer en Cote d’Ivoire : Etat des connaissances et perspectives de recherche
H.P. Hahn – L’ancienne métallurgie de fer en Afrique de l’ouest : Problèmes ethnoarchéologiques et interprétations
L. Simporé – la métallurgie traditionelle du fer et la fondation du Royaume de Wogdogo (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso)
Note (par J.C. Ky) – Le patrimoine culturel sahélien dans les collectionsdu Musée National du Burkina
Gajiganna – Analysis of Stratigraphies and Pottery of a Final Stone Age Culture of Northeast Nigeria
Info: Sprache: Englisch, Erscheinungsdatum: 01. November 2007, 200 Seiten, 76 Abbildungen, 13 Tabellen, 85 Tafeln. Dimensionen: 300x215x19 mm, 1160 gramm.
Beschreibung: In this volume, Karl Peter Wendt presents the first comprehensive results of a series of archaeological excavations carried out at sites of the earliest food-producing communities known in the Chad Basin of Northeast Nigeria: the so-called Gajiganna Culture. He describes the background of research, sheds light on the information contained in the stratigraphies of the sites examined, and offers exhaustive and advanced statistical analysis on technological, temporal, typological and ornamental aspects of the pottery recovered in course of research. After considering the ceramic sequence in its absolute chronological framework, the author makes an attempt to detect possible cultural relations between the Gajiganna sites and other archaeological locations both within and outside the Chad Basin. The volume is complemented by a photographic documentation of the Gajiganna pottery assemblages.