Ghaba. An Early Neolithic Cemetery in Central Sudan
Beschreibung: The thorough study of the early neolithic cemetery of Ghaba in Central Sudan has led to this impressive publication. The publication consists of the main text (Vol. 1) and a catalogue with detailed information on the excavated graves (Vol. 2). A CD-Rom accompanies the catalogue textbook.
African Memory in Danger - Mémoire africaine en péril
Beschreibung: The African continent has been looted for many centuries, although the form and motivation of this looting has varied with conquest, colonization, independence and globalization. Over the last decades, however, the destruction of archaeological sites and the illicit trade in cultural goods has reached such proportions that they seriously undermine African history and jeopardize the human rights and the development of communities. The exportation and repatriation of human remains also raise important ethical questions.
In response to this alarming phenomenon, laws have been adopted, conventions ratified, ethical codes proclaimed and ethics commissions established. Local initiatives to protect heritage have been set up, and the return of cultural objects and human remains committed. Yet the hoped-for positive benefits do not always materialize given that the situation is more complex than expected.
Not without reason, Switzerland is often criticized, and other European, North American, Asian or Near East Countries too, for providing a kind of hub for illicit trade of cultural goods. Antique dealers specializing in the “primitive arts”, auction houses, private museums and collectors benefit greatly from this situation. At the same time, Switzerland is very involved in the fields of development and respect for human rights, and acknowledged for the growing awareness and efficiency of its custom, police and justice institutions.
This book, following a conference held in Geneva, includes contributions by archaeologists, sociologists, museum curators and heritage managers, as well as legal experts and representatives of the police, and blends points of view from Africa, Europe and Switzerland. In addition to the voice of researchers responsible for the cultural heritage of African Countries that denounce alarming situations, ethical reflections and update of legal aspects linked to heritage questions, several projects of international cooperation are presented, all of them trying to promote innovative ways of acting in this very difficult context, and giving hope for the future.
Kariya Wuro. A Late Stone Age Site in Northern Nigeria
Beschreibung: Kariya Wuro is a rock shelter in north east Nigeria, excavated in the 1980s and studied by a team of researchers from the University of Ibadan. Preliminary accounts of some aspects have been published, but this is the first full site report. The Late Stone Age occupation consists of two phases, aceramic and ceramic, both described and illustrated in detail. In order to supplement the pollen analysis from the rock shelter, a thorough study of the vegetation of the area was made, with plant names recorded both in Hausa and the local Kariya language. The Kariya people, or Wiihe as they call themselves, are a small community, part of the North Bauchi language group. A description is given of their society, in particular their masquerades, although it does not seem too likely that any direct link can be established between them and the former inhabitants of the rock shelter. Full descriptions of excavated rock shelters in West Africa and Nigeria in particular are rare, and the database recorded here should provide a useful point of comparison for researchers in the region as a whole. While this book is primarily of interest to archaeologists, it is also of relevance to those interested in ethnography and linguistics, and the natural environment in this part of Nigeria.
1500 Jahre am Mare de Kissi. Eine Fallstudie zur Besiedlungsgeschichte des Sahel von Burkina Faso
Beschreibung: Die vorliegende Arbeit stellt das Ergebnis archäologischer Forschung am Mare de Kissi in den Jahren 1996 bis 2001 dar. Die behandelten Fundplätze befinden sich im Hinterland des Nigerbogens im äußersten Nordosten von Burkina Faso, am Rande eines kleinen Sees, dem Mare de Kissi. Auf dem großen Fundareal verteilen sich über 60 Siedlungs- oder Abfallhügel, zahlreiche Steinstrukturen und mehrere Friedhöfe, die von sesshaften, eisenzeitlichen Bauern im ausgehenden 1. Jahrtausend v. Chr. errichtet und in etwa um das 13. Jahrhundert n. Chr. endgültig aufgegeben wurden. Ausgrabungen in sowohl Siedlungs- als auch Friedhofsbereichen erbrachten ein außergewöhnliches Fundinventar und lieferten die Grundlage für eine Rekonstruktion der eisenzeitlichen Siedlungsgeschichte.